The Only Handplane You Need?

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The Solely Handplane You Want?
by Marc Spagnuolo

After I first ventured into the world of hand instruments, I assumed I
would finally want each bench aircraft accessible. Chris
Schwarz taught me that each one I actually wanted have been planes that
glad the three fundamental classifications of coarse, medium and
nice. Over time, I got here to appreciate well-tuned low-angle
jack aircraft would possibly really be the one bench aircraft I would like, given
the truth that my work does contain a healthy dose of energy instruments.
So for those who’re a brand new woodworker simply coming into the craft or
maybe you’re an influence device woodworker simply dipping your toes
into the hand device world, a low-angle jack aircraft simply is likely to be
the one aircraft you want.

The Low-angle Jack Aircraft

The aircraft I’m utilizing for demonstration is the
Lie-Nielsen low-angle jack plane
. It’s modeled after the
Stanley #62 and encompasses a 14″ physique and a bevel-up design. It
presently retails for $245.


The Promise

The jack aircraft, because the title implies, is a “jack of all trades.”
Meaning it ought to be capable of sort out a lot of the coarse,
medium and nice planing duties we’ll require of it within the wooden

As with all “all-in-one” answer, there can be compromises.
As a result of the aircraft physique is someplace between a smoother and a
jointer, it will not be as completely suited to these duties as
the particular particular person instruments is likely to be. Maybe the 14″ physique is
too lengthy to a floor with minor hills and valleys.
Possibly it’s too brief to simply joint an especially lengthy edge. So
if you’re seeking to be an unique hand-tool person, it’s possible you’ll
not be capable of get away with utilizing this aircraft as your solely
bench aircraft. However in my work, the low-angle jack is greater than
able to dealing with absolutely anything I throw at it.

What Makes it Particular?

This explicit device goes above and past even an ordinary jack
aircraft because of a vital function: the bevel-up design.
By orienting the bevel up, we will use a number of blades with
completely different bevel angles to vary the habits of the aircraft.
There are additionally another distinctive blades accessible that enhance
the performance of the device. Right here’s a fast rundown.

Blade #1. 25-degree
bevel with a 30-degree microbevel.
With the mattress angle of
12 levels, this provides us an efficient working angle of 42
levels, which could be very near an ordinary bevel-down aircraft (45
levels). I take advantage of this blade for common planing of easy-to-plane
woods in addition to finish grain.

Blade #2. 25-degree
bevel with a 50-degree microbevel.
With the mattress angle of
12 levels, this provides us an efficient working angle of 62
levels. This excessive angle makes it attainable to get clear cuts on
gnarly, unforgiving and figured woods. The slicing motion
itself is near scraping so there can be little probability of

Blade #three. A toothed
blade is sweet for roughing.
The tooth can help you take
deep cuts with out getting tearout. An incredible blade for many who
wish to mill tough boards by hand, or when you may have a large
board with extreme twist. You may knock down the excessive corners
after which ship the board by way of a planer to get it good and

Blade #four. A
90-degree blade for scraping duties.
It basically turns
the jack aircraft right into a scraping aircraft.


Within the video on the high of this submit, I present you the outcomes
planing long-grain and end-grain cherry with the 30-degree
blade. I then aircraft some extremely figured maple with the
30-degree blade to point out that there’s a great deal of tearout.
With the 50-degree blade put in I aircraft the identical figured
board with glass-smooth outcomes. I then use the toothed blade
to flatten the face of a tough mahogany board. Later, by
request, I present how the #7 jointer aircraft, with its normal 45
diploma angle, additionally produces a reasonably tough consequence on the
figured maple board.


To assist put issues in perspective, I’m utilizing model new retail
values from Let’s assume this aircraft replaces
all the next gadgets:

#5 jack aircraft – $325

#7 jointer aircraft – $425

Smoothing aircraft – $325

Scraper aircraft – $215

Excessive-angle frog – $75


Grand Whole: $1365


To get comparable performance with the low-angle jack aircraft,
the breakdown appears like this:

Low-angle jack aircraft – $245

50-degree blade – $40

Toothed blade – $65

90-degree blade – $45


Grand Whole: $395


Clearly, we now have to make quite a few assumptions right here and
this aircraft is not going to be proper for everybody in all conditions.
It’s a compromise answer and it may very effectively fall brief
relying on how you’re employed in your store. Additionally remember these
costs are for reference solely and you would discover significantly better
costs within the used market or with different manufacturers.

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